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EMG - ElectroMyoGraphy, 
EEG - ElectroEncephaloGraphy 
Uniport 89-91
World Selection
Portable Oscilloscopes

Uniport 1989-1991 home - top of the page - email
In 1989-1991 I participated in designing a first in Russia portable myograph. In fact it was a universal device (called Uniport) with electro- and audio-stimulators and 2 channels of registration. It could measure not only EMG, but also EP (Evoked Potentials), Audio EP, and ECG (Cardiogram).

Our main team consisted of 3 people (look at photos on the left):

left to right:
 - Dmitri Borovikov (in jeans jacket)
 - Sergei Nikitin (medical doctor, excellent specialist in Neurology - he lovingly shows the device)
 - Lev Selector (me)

As you see, the device was very small and integrated with a laptop computer (Toshiba with Intel 8080 CPU at 4 MHz). Although small, Uniport was capable of helping doctors in ~95% of their diagnostic needs.

We managed to make it small and effective (in comparison with prototypes which were the size of a table) by moving as much functionality as possible from hardware to software.

While designing this device we had to solve some interesting problems. For example, the device was capable of delivering short pulses of electric current (up to 300 Volts) - and at the same time we had to measure very small electrical signals from human body (microvolts). This was difficult, because impulse was creating strong eletrical interference. Especially because both amplifier and stimulator had to receive power from the same power supply.

The power supply unit was by itself an interesting and challenging project.  It had to be small and light, deliver very good electrical isolation accoring to medical standards (which is KVolts), enough power for computer and all electrical circuits - and ensure very low level of pulsation.

Biola home - top of the page - email
Biola produces and sells neurological equipment in Russia: - - - - photos of different models - MS document in English

I highly recommend this equipment.  It is small, portable, works with standard computers, has very good software (result of more than 10 years of development and perfecting it to satisfy customers' needs).  It is built by European and internatinal standards (including safety standards). And the company is proud of being able to sell it at very low prices (starting at $1,500).

Below is a more detailed description and prices.
For orders please contact Biola directly:
15A  3rd  Cherepkovskaya 
121552  Moscow, Russia
Tel: (7-095)-414-6747 or 414-6748

NeuroScope - paperless EEG
 - 8 to 32 channels
 - Prices start at $1600
 - 5-year warranty 

NeuroScope is a family of PC-based digital encephalographs. These compact units combine the benefits of a paperless EEG with record quality and the ease of use normally associated with paper-and-pen models. 

There are three model lines of Neuroscopes:

 - NS400 - the best (8 .. 32 channels)
 - NS400P - portable (8 .. 24 channels)
 - NS400A - the cheapest (8 or 16 channels). Even though it has fewer features than its bigger brothers, it retains everything necessary for routine clinical tests, at a price that�s hard to believe.
All model lines offer exceptional quality and reliability, yet the price is several times lower than the competition. 

Hardware features:
- 8 to 32 EEG channels, up to 12 polygraphic channels
- High quality records even in non-shielded room
- Digital filtering using high-performance signal processor
- Low noise, wide dynamic range
- High input impedance
- Electrode impedance test
- Auditory stimulator: speakers or headphones
- Photic stimulator: flash, goggles, pattern
- Safety: complies with IEC601.1, type I BF 

Software features:

- Runs under Windows 95/98, supports high display and printer resolution for smooth, paper-like look
- Multi-window interface allows viewing of two or more records at once
- Unlimited recording time including 24-hour monitoring
- Recording of long-latency evoked potentials
- Montage reformatting during recording and review
- Sensitivity, paper speed and filter cutoff frequencies can be changed during recording and review
- EEG annotation: patient states, stimulation procedures and user events
- Analysis functions: power spectral density, coherence, mapping
- Printout of EEG and analysis results on color or black and white printer
Can be connected to Notebook PC
Number of EEG channels
8 to 32
8 to 24
8, 16
Number of polygraphic channels
up to 12
up to 6
Disconnects unused inputs
Frequency range, Hz
Input range, uV
ADC resolution, bits
Noise voltage, uV peak-peak
Common mode rejection, dB
Line frequency rejection, dB
Input impedance, Mohm
Photic stimulator � flash
Photic stimulator � goggles
Photic stimulator � pattern
Auditory stimulator
Dimensions, mm
Weight (with power supply), kg
1.8 (2.2)
0.45 (0.8)

Prices FOB Moscow in US dollars
 Encephalographs (number of channels is given by the last two digits)
NS408/412/416 (P)
NS420/424 (P)
Polygraphic channels (ECG, EOG, EMG, respiration)
250 per channel
Photic: goggles/flash (except NS400A)
Photic: flash for NS400A
Photic: checkerboard pattern (NS400 only)
Auditory: headphones/speakers (except NS400A)

World Selection home - top of the page - email

Uniport was probably the very first device of this sort in the whole world.
Since then many manufactures has built similar portable instruments: -
- Neuroscan Medical Systems (Neurosoft) - 
- DELSYS EMG Products - Electrodes, Systems and Software - Nicolet Biomedical - products

� - Cadwell Laboratories - Medtronic (DANTEC) - Medtronic - Dantec electrodes, etc.
� -  -
- Oxford Instruments Medical (UK, Medelec) - Nihon Kohden - products - portable notebook-based system

Misc. Links home - top of the page - email - good list of links - Neuro Commercial Resources (Links) - Commercial Neuroscience Resources - Magnetoencephalogram

Some neurophysiology equipment manufactures: - Axon Instruments - Axon Systems - Biologic Systems - Cadwell Laboratories - Compumedics - Digitimer - EMG Assistant - Gereonics - Grass Instruments - MagStim Company - Medelec Ltd - Medtronic Dantec - Moberg Multimedia - Network Concepts, Inc. - Neurosoft - Nihon Kohden - Nicolet Biomedical - Physiometrix - Reflex Systems - Rochester Electro-Medical - Stellate Systems - TECA - Neurophysiology - Telefactor - WR Medical - XLTEK - XOMED

Some Australian Agents also have a Web site: - Medtel Pty Ltd - Swiss Datalogic - Surgicon Systems

Other misc. links: - paper for equipment - The Electrode Store (since 1975) - how to do tests, EMG & Nerve Conductions Homepage - The American Society of Electroneurodiagnostic Technologists - American Association of Electrodiagnostic Medicine - links - EMG manual - The IFCN - International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology links 50 National Societies of clinical neurophysiology and related neurological sciences. - medical equipment - Listing on Open Directory Project - links

Oscilloscopes home - top of the page - email

Oscilloscopes today became small, hand-held, battery operated.
They look and feel like enhanced testers (DMM - digital multimeters).
They usually have some math. processing (curve fitting, etc.) as well.
Here are some -

Tektronix TDS200 Series.

Fluke ScopeMeter® 190 Series model 72-6640 
single channel 2MHz Digi-Scope is only $300.
(size 95x50x210 mm) 

Tektronix TekScope
THS730, THS720

The price vary:
      $300 - for a 2 MHz model
    $1,200 - for a 20 MHz model
    $2,000 - for 60 MHz
    $3,000 - for 200 MHz

What to expect:
  Power - NiCd rechargeable battery pack with AC adapter (both included).
  Battery Life - Approx. 2 hours from full charge.
  Display - Backlit LCD 320 x 240.
  Horizontal:  2 ns to 50 s/div, Record Length - 2500 points.
  Vertical: 5 mV to 50 V/div (to 500 V/div with 10X probe), Vertical Resolution - 8-Bits (256 points).
  All trigger modes + add/subtract, etc. - all you wouldexpect from digital oscilloscope.
  All Volt/Amp/Ohm measurements as of high-quality DMM